Do people who go by Dr. need to carry stethoscopes?
One writer in The Wall Street Journal seems to think so, at least when it comes to Jill Biden, who has a doctorate in education and calls herself Dr. Jill Biden.
In an opinion piece published online on Friday, the author, Joseph Epstein, addressed Dr. Biden as “kiddo” and offered her advice on “what may seem like a small but I think is a not unimportant matter.”
“Any chance you might drop the ‘Dr.’ before your name?” he wrote. “‘Dr. Jill Biden’ sounds and feels fraudulent, not to say a touch comic.”
If the reaction from Dr. Biden’s spokesman and from legions of women in academia is any indication, the answer is: not a chance.
“If you have a doctorate in pharmacy or education or biology, it doesn’t matter: Call yourself a doctor,” said Sarah H. Parcak, a professor of anthropology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, who has a Ph.D. in archaeology from Cambridge University. “You worked your rear end off for years to earn that. Shout it from the rooftops, if you want to. It’s your right.”
Dr. Parcak, along with many others, said the suggestion that Dr. Biden not use the honorific Dr. was blatantly sexist and emblematic of the way many women in academia face the questioning or denigration of their credentials by their male colleagues.
“Some men are so threatened by educated women,” said Audrey Truschke, an associate professor of South Asian history at Rutgers University, who called Mr. Epstein’s piece a “misogynist, self-absorbed screed.” On Saturday, she was among a number of women who added Dr. to their names on Twitter in solidarity with Dr. Biden.
Michael LaRosa, a spokesman for Dr. Biden, called Mr. Epstein’s piece a “disgusting and sexist attack” and urged The Journal to remove it and apologize to Dr. Biden. Mr. Epstein declined to comment for this article. The Journal did not immediately respond to a request for comment on Saturday evening.
The raw nerve touched by the piece underscored the enduring power of the title — two letters that convey accomplishment, respect and authority.
In the 19th century, the title was widely contested, and people were sued for using “doctor” on calling cards or advertisements if they hadn’t graduated from a recognized medical school, according to Naomi Rogers, a professor of the history of medicine at Yale University.
When women began graduating from medical schools in the middle of the 19th century, they called themselves doctors, she said. But newspapers and critics gave them a more dismissive title — doctoress — indicating that they were women.
“‘Doctor’ came to be prized as a unisex honorific,” Professor Rogers said. “That was the word that women M.D.s sought.”
Professor Rogers, who has a Ph.D. in history, doesn’t often use the title Dr. herself, she said, but understands why others with the degree would.
“I’ve certainly encountered a number of doctors in my professional life who are uncomfortable using the honorific term Dr. for anyone who doesn’t have an M.D.,” she said. “But I would call that an old-fashioned view. I don’t say this out loud to any of them, but I think: Which of us studied for longer?”
Judith Martin, better known as the columnist Miss Manners, said her father, who had a Ph.D. in economics, insisted on not being called Dr. and implored his fiancée, Ms. Martin’s mother, to print new wedding invitations after the first version included the title.
“As my father used to say, ‘I’m not the kind of doctor who does anybody any good,’” Ms. Martin said in an interview on Saturday. “He didn’t feel it was dignified. I am well aware that this is a form of reverse snobbery.”
Still, Ms. Martin said, “I don’t tell people what to call themselves and I’m aware that women often have trouble with people who don’t respect their credentials.”
(The New York Times’s house style allows for anyone with an earned doctorate, such as a Ph.D. or Ed.D., to be identified by the title on subsequent references, provided it is “germane to the holder’s primary current occupation.”)
In his piece, Mr. Epstein, an essayist and author, wrote that he taught at Northwestern University for 30 years, even though he held only a bachelor of arts degree from the University of Chicago.
Addressing Dr. Biden, he wrote, “Your degree is, I believe, an Ed.D., a doctor of education, earned at the University of Delaware through a dissertation with the unpromising title ‘Student Retention at the Community College Level: Meeting Students’ Needs.’”
“A wise man once said that no one should call himself ‘Dr.’ unless he has delivered a child,” Mr. Epstein added. “Think about it, Dr. Jill, and forthwith drop the doc.”
Dr. Biden, who holds two master’s degrees and a doctorate in education from the University of Delaware, is clearly proud of her job as a community college professor.
When her husband, President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr., takes office next month and she becomes first lady, Dr. Biden plans to continue teaching at Northern Virginia Community College, where she has been an English professor since 2009.
Douglas Emhoff, the husband of Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, said Dr. Biden had earned her degrees “through hard work and pure grit.”
“She is an inspiration to me, to her students, and to Americans across this country,” he wrote on Twitter. “This story would never have been written about a man.”