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Chile President, Responding to Protests, Promises to Address Economic Woes

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SANTIAGO, Chile — After days of protests that have virtually paralyzed Chile, President Sebastián Piñera asked for forgiveness on Tuesday night, announcing a set of conciliatory measures in the hope of defusing the country’s worst political crisis in 30 years.

Mr. Piñera, in a televised address, acknowledged that his government and its predecessors had failed to perceive the widespread anger in Chile over economic inequality, which has fed the leaderless, spontaneous protests and violence that have spread through the country since Friday, leaving at least 15 people dead.

“I acknowledge this and I ask for forgiveness for this shortsightedness,” Mr. Piñera said.

What began last week as a student protest in Santiago, the capital, over a subway fare hike has escalated into five straight days of demonstrations in cities and towns across Chile, protesting low wages, rising prices, miserable pensions, poor health services and profound income inequality, in a country that has been touted as a regional model of economic success.

While many demonstrators have been peaceful, others have looted and attacked or burned subway stations, buses, supermarkets, banks, pharmacies, public utility services and government offices. On Friday night, the government declared a state of emergency in the capital and later did so in at least 15 other cities, imposing curfews and putting the army in charge of security.

In addition to the 15 people known to have been killed in the unrest, the National Human Rights Institute said 226 had been wounded.

In his speech Tuesday, Mr. Piñera promised an immediate increase of 20 percent in government-subsidized pensions; new insurance programs to cover catastrophic illnesses and medication; a guaranteed minimum monthly income of $483; the cancellation of a 9.2 percent electricity price hike that had been planned for later this year, with a cap on future increases; and a new, 40 percent tax bracket for people earning over $11,000 a month.

He also said there would be pay cuts for members of Congress and the highest-paid public servants. Term limits will be established, and the number of lawmakers in Congress will be reduced, he said.

The measures seemed unlikely to satisfy the demonstrators. Their discontent is not just about prices and salaries, but about what they say is a crisis of legitimacy in the country’s institutions, including corruption in business and politics and what they say is a failure to protect people ravaged by the free-market economy.

Claudia Mix, a congresswoman with the leftist Frente Amplio coalition, dismissed Mr. Piñera’s proposals as “stingy,” saying on Twitter that “Chile needs a new social pact with greater political and social democracy.”

The center-left president of the Senate, Jaime Quintana, was somewhat more positive: “It doesn’t touch substantial aspects of the model, but after so much silence there are finally signs that a government still exists.”

Many of the proposals involve fast-tracking legislation that has been stalled in Congress. On Tuesday — a day after lawmakers approved a freeze on subway fare increases in record time — the lower house scrapped its agenda and began debating a bill, introduced by Communist legislators, that would reduce the workweek from 44 to 40 hours, something the government has adamantly opposed.

A congressional committee has also been discussing a bill, shelved six years ago, that would cut legislators’ salaries by 25 percent.

The protests, far from subsiding, have spread to small towns. “Chile has awoken,” reads a slogan sprayed on walls throughout the country.

In Santiago, dozens of peaceful demonstrations were held on Tuesday, and at 8 p.m., as on each of the last five nights, the city resounded with chants and the banging of pots and pans.

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