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Kosovo President Resigns to Fight War Crimes Case in the Netherlands

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The president of Kosovo, a guerrilla leader during Kosovo’s fight for independence against Serbia, resigned on Thursday to face charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity at a special international court in the Netherlands.

President Hashim Thaci, 52, said at a news conference in Pristina, Kosovo’s capital, that he was stepping down to protect the office of the presidency.

“From today, it is a new chapter for Kosovo,” said Vigan Qorrolli, a law professor at the University of Pristina in Kosovo’s capital. “Many see the president’s resignation as an opportunity for “new stability here to bring prosperity,” he added.

Mr. Thaci, the former commander of the Kosovo Liberation Army, was indicted in June by the special court in The Hague on 10 counts of war crimes. Prosecutors accused him and other former independence fighters of being “criminally responsible for nearly 100 murders.”

He has previously denied the allegations and said earlier this year that he would resign as president if the charges were confirmed. At his news conference on Thursday, he said that this had now happened. His office did not immediately respond to a request for comment and there was no immediate word on exactly when he would travel to The Hague.

The court in The Hague had no immediate comment on Mr. Thaci but said it would provide more information later on Thursday.

The prosecutor’s office for the court in The Hague said on Wednesday it had arrested Jakup Krasniqi, a former interim president of Kosovo, after a judge had confirmed war crimes charges against him as well. He was arrested in Kosovo with the help of European Union authorities.

Other fighters-turned-lawmakers also said that they would travel to The Hague on Thursday to face charges that had just been confirmed, including Kadri Veseli, the leader of the Democratic Party of Kosovo; and Rexhep Selimi, an opposition lawmaker.

The indictment gave hope to “thousands of victims of the Kosovo war who have waited for more than two decades to find out the truth about the horrific crimes committed against them and their loved ones,” said Jelena Sesar, Amnesty International’s Balkans researcher, in a statement. She added that it showed “senior officials are not above the law.”

Mr. Thaci has been Kosovo’s president since 2016, a largely ceremonial role, though he has also served as prime minister. He is a mainstay of Kosovo’s politics whose supporters have heralded him as a war hero, while his critics have accused his government of corruption and of rigging the judiciary.

The accusations levied against Mr. Thaci, Mr. Veseli and others in June include murder, enforced disappearance of people, persecution and torture, including of political opponents. But the charges needed to be reviewed by a judge and confirmed, which was the latest development.

More than 13,000 people died in the Kosovo war, mostly Kosovar Albanians killed by Serbian forces. But they also include some 2,000 Serbs, Roma and Kosovar Albanians killed in NATO bombing or by fighters like the Kosovo Liberation Army, according to figures from the Humanitarian Law Center.

The charges against the president were brought after Kosovo’s Parliament set up the special court in the Netherlands in 2015 to determine whether guerrilla fighters had committed war crimes.

Prosecutors said that the charges were made public because of “repeated efforts” by Mr. Thaci and Mr. Veseli to obstruct the court, and that the two had carried out a secret campaign to “obstruct the work of the court in an attempt to ensure that they do not face justice.”

Though Kosovo won its sovereignty in 1999 and announced its independence in 2008, Serbia has refused to recognize Kosovo’s independence and negotiations for a peace deal have flailed. European and American officials have been mediating dialogues between the two sides in the hopes of improving relations and securing a settlement.

News of the indictment in June delayed a planned meeting between Mr. Thaci and President Aleksandar Vucic of Serbia at the White House, the first formal talks between the two in over a year. Kosovo’s prime minister, Avdullah Hoti, attended a summit in September instead.

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